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16 December: 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War in Which 2 Lakh Women Were Raped By Pakistani Army

16 December: 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War in Which 2 Lakh Women Were Raped By Pakistani Army

Akanksha

Today on December 16, Bangladesh is celebrating its ‘Victory Day’. In 1971, the Pakistan army had wreaked havoc in this Bangladesh. There were mass molestation and violence. In Bangladesh Liberation War, the Pakistani army had slaughtered nearly three million people. At the same time, the army raped two lakh women. Millions of children were also murdered. After all, Pakistan was defeated by Indian Army and on December 16, 1971, 93,000 Pakistani soldiers surrendered in Dhaka.

The war of 1971 between India and Pakistan began with India’s motive to liberate Bangladesh from Pakistan. After the 1947 Indo-Pak partition, Pakistan was divided into two parts eastern and western. The Central Government in the west part of Pakistan was running its eastern side (today’s Bangladesh) by imposing their own linguistic and cultural rules.

This led to protests in East Pakistan. To cease these, the Pakistan government ordered the army to suppress them. To crush this rebellion, the Pakistani army had begun to wreak havoc on Bengali people and this ended with the rise of Bangladesh. In order to make its borders strong, India helped in liberating Bangladesh. 

It was the third war between India and Pakistan after 1947 and 1965 war. This war lasted for 13 days and ended with the shameful defeat of Pakistan. Pakistan Army surrendered on December 16, 1971. Indian army captured about 90 thousand Pak soldiers. According to the reports, about two lakh women were raped by the Pakistani army. About three million people were killed in this war. At least 10 million people migrated to India.

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