Zika, a virus transmitted through mosquito bites, has affected multiple countries in Latin America, and is expected to spread to the U.S. It is as deadly as yellow fever virus, West Nile, chikungunya and dengue. We have complied a list of 5 points that you should know about Zika Virus-

#1 What is Zika virus?

Zika is commanding worldwide attention because of an alarming connection between the virus and microcephaly, a neurological disorder that results in babies being born with abnormally small heads. This causes severe developmental issues and sometimes death.

zika virus

#2 How is Zika Spread?

The virus is transmitted when an Aedes mosquito bites a person with an active infection and then spreads the virus by biting others. Those people then become carriers during the time they have symptoms.

#3 What are the symptoms?

In most people, symptoms of the virus are mild, including fever, headache, rash and possible pink eye. In fact, 80 percent of those infected never know they have the disease. That’s especially concerning for pregnant women, as this virus has now been shown to pass through amniotic fluid to the growing baby.

#4 Where is Zika virus now?

The Zika virus is now being locally transmitted in Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Cape Verde, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Suriname, Samoa and Venezuela, says the CDC. There are reported cases in US too now, in the people who have travelled to these countries.

#5 What should you do to prevent this?

With no treatment or vaccine available, the only protection against Zika is to avoid travel to areas with an active infestation. Practice strict adherence to mosquitoes.

Source: review journal

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