The deadly Zika virus has finally reached India and three cases have been found in India. And, all the three cases have been reported in Ahmedabad, Gujrat. Zika virus has affected a total of 1.5 million people since 2015 and 70 countries fell victim to this deadly disease. When asked regarding these cases N Singh, chief secretary, Government of Gujarat, said,
“There is nothing serious. Those were isolated cases that had come and are old and cured. We want to assure people that due care has been taken to check the possibility of the spread of the Zika virus after its first detection. In fact, both pregnant women blood samples had revealed the virus have given birth to healthy babies.”
As per the Indian Council Medical Research, a test was conducted including 34,233 humans and 12,647 mosquito samples for the presence of Zika virus. And out of these 12,647, 500 were collected from Bapunagar area ofGujrat and were found negative.
No need to panic that much, just get well versed with what this virus actually is!!! Here are the details including symptoms and treatments of Zika:
WHAT’S ZIKA VIRUS?????
Zika virus is a deadly disease which is caused by Aedes mosquitoes. Yes! the same ones responsible for yellow fever, dengue, and chikungunya virus. Zika virus causes BIRTH DEFECTS, for example, pregnant women who were affected with this virus gave birth to children with underdeveloped heads or with a damaged brain.
image source: CFR
IN WHICH PART OF THE BODY CAN IT BE FOUND?
This virus has been found in blood, semen, urine. And to our surprise, even fluids in the eye carry this virus.
SYMPTOMS OF ZIKA VIRUS
- Joint pain
- Conjunctivitis (red eyes)
- Muscle pain
HOW LONG DO THESE SYMPTOMS LAST?
Zika virus is quite mild and lasts for several days or weeks.
TREATMENTS FOR ZIKA VIRUS
Like Dengue, there is no specific medicine or vaccine to treat the disease but the following things can help:
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Take medicine such as acetaminophen (Tylenol®) to reduce fever and pain.
- Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding.
- If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.
WHAT PRECAUTIONS TO TAKE IF YOUR DEAR ONE HAS ZIKA VIRUS?
- Do not touch blood or body fluids or surfaces with these fluids on them with exposed skin.
- Wash hands with soap and water immediately after providing care.
- Immediately remove and wash clothes if they get blood or body fluids on them. Use laundry detergent and water temperature specified on the garment label. Using bleach is not necessary.
- Clean the sick person’s environment daily using household cleaners according to label instructions.
- Immediately clean surfaces that have blood or other body fluids on them using household cleaners and disinfectants according to label instructions.