What is Eid Al – Adha ?
Eid is celebrated twice a year. Eid Al – Adha “The festival of Sacrifice “, also known as “Sacrifice Feast” or “Bakra – Eid”. It is a Muslim festival and is celebrated all over the world. Eid is celebrated in the honor of the sacrifice made by Ibrahim ( Abraham ).
Origin Of Eid
The story traced back to ages, according to Islamic traditions, Once there was a valley of Mecca (present day Saudi – Arabia), was a dry, rocky and drought prone area. God instructed Abraham to bring Abraham to bring Hagar and Ishmael to Arabia from the land of Canaan.
As Abraham was preparing for his return journey back to Canaan, Hagar asked him, “Did God order you to leave us here? Or are you leaving us here to die?” Abraham did not even look back. He just nodded, afraid that he would be depressed and will not be able to follow god’s order. Hagar said, “Then God will not waste us; you can go”. Before leaving Abraham had left a large quantity of food and water with Hagar and Ishmael, but the food was not enough and within a few days the supply ran out. Both Hagar and Ishmael soon began to starve.
Hagar ran up and down between two hills, al-Safa and Al-Marwah, seven times, in her desperate quest for water. Exhausted, she finally collapsed beside her baby Ishmael and prayed to God for deliverance. Miraculously, a spring of water gushed forth from the earth at the feet of baby Ishmael. Other accounts have the angel Jibra’il, striking the earth and causing the spring to flow in abundance. With this secure water supply, known as the Zamzam Well, they were not only able to provide for their own needs, but were also able to trade water with passing nomads for food and supplies.
Years later, Abraham was again instructed by God to return from Canaan to build a place of worship adjacent to Hagar’s well (the Zamzam Well). Abraham and Ishmael constructed a stone and mortar structure – known as the Kaaba – which was to be the gathering place for all who wished to strengthen their faith in God. As the years passed, Ishmael has blessed with nubuwwah (prophethood) and gave the nomads of the desert his message of submission to God. After many centuries, Mecca became a thriving desert city and a major center for trade, thanks to its reliable water source, the Zamzam Well.
One of the main trials of Abraham’s life was to face the command of God to sacrifice his dearest possession, his son. The son is not named in the Quran, but Muslims believe it to be Ismail. Upon hearing this command, Abraham prepared to submit to the will of God. During this preparation,Shaitan (the Devil) tempted Abraham and his family by trying to dissuade them from carrying out God’s commandment, and Abraham drove Satan away by throwing pebbles at him. In commemoration of their rejection of Satan, stones are thrown at symbolic pillars during the Stoning of the Devil during Hajj rites.
When Abraham attempted to cut his throat, he was astonished to see that his son was unharmed and instead, he found a dead ram which was slaughtered. Abraham had passed the test by his willingness to carry out God’s command. This is the story of origin behind Eid Al – Adha.
Who Can Attend The Celebration Of Eid ?
Usually, Men goes to Eidgah or Masjid, women are also permitted to attend it but it is not a compulsory task. If they wish not to attend, a woman on their menstruating cycle cannot attend the celebration in Masjid only.
The public ( Residents )
Travelers are excluded ( Denied )
Or, those who are in good health.
When Eid Celebrations Start
Anytime after the sun completely rises up before entering the Zuhr time, on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah ( the Final month in the Islamic calendar ). Commands are that in the event of a natural disaster the celebration can be delayed to the 11th or 12th day also.
How The Day Starts On Eid
Make Wudu ( Ritual Washing ), offer prayer before sunrise.
Prepare yourself for personal cleanliness , getting clothes ready etc.
Dress up, new or the best clothes available.
What Kind Of Dress Men And Women Wear On Eid ?
Mostly men wear Kurta Pajama and women have various options – Kaftans, Jababaiya, Abiyah or Hijab.
Traditions Of Eid
Men, women, and children are expected to wear their finest clothes and gather around in an open field known as Eidgah or Mosque.
To sacrifice an animal ( Called Adhiya ) it can be a camel, goat, sheep, ram but usually a cow as a symbol of the sacrifice made by Abraham. The animal which is set to sacrifice should have a certain age and quality standard otherwise, it is not accepted as an offering. According to the tradition, about 100 million animals should be sacrificed.
The animal which will be sacrificed should have all its body part properly intact, should not be ill, blind, should be able to walk properly. In the case of a Camel the age should be at least 5 years old, a Cow two years, a goat one year and a sheep six months.
According to sunnah of Muhammad the meat obtained from the sacrificed animal should be distributed in three parts one should be given to the poor and needy, family sacrificing the animal and the third part to relatives, friends and neighbors.
Traditional Cuisines Of Eid
Eid Al – Adha is the “Salty Eid “, as everything prepared on Eid Al – Adha is only salty, are savory which includes beef or mutton largely depends on the animal which will be sacrifices. A Barbeque is a must on the first day of Eid. The liver of the animal sacrifice is fried and is eaten in the breakfast a various dishes are made like – Kebabs, Korma, Haleem, and Biryani or Pulao.
Image Credit – Pin interest
In Turkey and other Balkan Muslims communities, instestines of the animal is also prepared and is quite popular. The dish is called Kokorec.
Image Credit – Taste
Soft drinks which are made on Eid are – Amar al – Deen, Erk Soos, Tamar Hindi.
Dessert served on the occasion of Eid Al – Adha consists of Semai.
Astonishing Facts About Eid Al – Adha
1 – In Pakistan alone about 10 million animals are slaughtered on Eid Al – Adha, Costing over 3 Billion.
2 – The prayer done on Eid is different from daily prayers known as Adhaan.
3 – In some Muslim countries, if you do not follow this religious practice, it is considered as a crime. In 2008, in Algeria, six people were imprisoned for four years.
4 – Once in Iran, a non-Muslim was commanded to have his lips burnt by a cigarette while five Muslims were given 70 stripes.
5 – In Kuwait, one has to pay a fine of 100 Kuwaiti dollars or a jail for one month or both.
6 – In U.A.E, disregarding Ramadan is considered as a minor offense. One is made to do around 150 hours of communal service
7 – In July 2016, on the day of Eid, an explosion took place where 3 Lakhs Muslims offering morning prayers, killing four and 12 injured.
On July 2016, Europe witnessed the largest Eid celebration consisting of 90,000 Muslims in Birmingham.
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