India, a country rich in culture and diverse in religions. We the people of India have seen a lot of revolution in the various field since the day we got Independence. Tomorrow on August 15 the grand celebrations are on its way as our nation is celebrating its 70th Independence Day. So for you, Pagalparrot brings an epic timeline that gives you a glimpse of major events happened in the past 70 years. Take a look:
India achieved its Independence on August 15 and a year after that men’s hockey team won the gold medal at 1948 London Olympics. In 1949 Muthamma Beliappa became the first woman to crack the IAS exam. In 1950, on January 26 India adopted its constitution.
In 1951, India hosted the first edition of Asian Games. In 1952, first elections of India took place in which 170 million people voted. In 1953, flag carrier Indian Airlines were introduced. In 1954, India became the first nation to launch an atomic energy program. In 1955, India’s first computer, HEC 2M was installed in Kolkata.
In 1956, India won another Gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics in Hockey. In 1957, Arti Saha became the first Asian to successfully cross the English Channel. In 1958, Indian Institutes of Technology were set up. In 1959, Satyajit Ray’s ‘Apur Sansar’ elevated Indian cinema to the international stage. In 1960, Milkha Singh achieved accolades at Olympics.
In the year 1961, India took a leadership position in the first ever meeting of Non-Aligned countries. In 1962 India’s football team won gold at the 1962 Asian Games. In 1963 Prime Minister Nehru inaugurated the Bhakra-Nangal Dam project to the country, calling it a ‘temple of modern India.’ In 1964, the first Indian jet trainer HJT-16 took flight. In 1965 the nation witnessed The ‘Green Revolution’.
5) 1966 – 1969
In 1966, Rita Faria became the first Indian to win the Miss World crown. In 1967 Pandit Ravi Shankar won India’s first Grammy award. In 1968, Dr. Profulla Sen became only third in the world, and the first in Asia to perform a heart transplant surgery. In 1969, Indian Space Research Organization ISRO was founded.
6) 1971 – 1975
In 1971, India helped Bangladesh to achieve Independence from Pakistan. In 1973, India’s most successful animal conservation program, Project Tiger was launched. In 1974 a successful nuclear test was performed. In 1975, India launched its first satellite Aryabhatta.
7) 1976 – 1980
Abolition of Bandhua Majdoori in 1976. In 1977, Michael Ferreira won the World Billiards Championship in Melbourne. In 1978, India’s first Test Tube baby Durga was born. Public Interest Litigation was legitimized by the Supreme Court in 1979. India joined the world in eradicating small-pox through one of the longest running vaccination programs in the world in 1980.
In 1981 first drug Tromaril synthesized by the Indian scientists. In 1982 India hosted the second edition of Asian Games in New Delhi. In 1983, India won its first World Cup in cricket. In 1984, Rakesh Sharma India’s first cosmonaut reached the moon. India becomes the sixth country in the world to possess a Fast Breeder Nuclear Reactor in 1985.
9) 1986 – 1990
PT Usha won a medal at the Asian Games in 1986. In 1987 Sunil Gavaskar became the only cricketer to score 10000 runs in Test matches. In 1988, ISRO launched Asia’s first remote sensing satellite IRS-1A in 1988. In 1989, Kottayam in Kerala won the distinction of becoming the first fully literate district in India. In 1990 India launched the world’s largest civil evacuation effort. It evacuated 1 lakh 10 thousand Indians from Kuwait and Iraq.
10) 1991 – 1995
India responded to the economic crisis with wide ranging reforms in 1991. In 1993 the International Monetary Fund ranked India as the sixth largest economy in the world. Also, in the same year Filmmaker Satyajit Ray was awarded an Oscar for his work in cinema. The next year Sushmita Sen and Aishwarya Rai returned home with the Miss Universe and Miss World titles. In 1995, Indians finally hit to the internet.
11) 1996 – 2000
Tennis sensation Leander Paes won bronze medal at the Atlanta Olympics in 1996. It was India’s first individual Olympic medal in 44 years. Arundhati Roy won the Booker Prize for her novel set in small town India, the God of Small Things in 1997. Amartya Sen won the Nobel prize in 1998 in economics. In 1999 the IT company Infosys became the first ever Indian stock to be publicly traded at New York’s Nasdaq. Vishwanathan Anand won the World Chess Championship in 2000.
12) 2001 – 2005
India’s fighter jet Tejas was launched in 2001. Indian Cricket team won NatWest Series in London in 2002. Sania Mirza won first Wimbledon Doubles Trophy being a woman in 2003. Rajyawardhan Rathore won silver medal at the 2004 Olympics. Right to Information Act pased in 2005.
13) 2006 – 2010
In 2006, after Vishwanathan Anand, Parimarjan Negi became an International Chess Grandmaster in 2006, the youngest Asian ever to do so. In 2007 India got its first woman president Pratibha Patil. Shooter Abhinav Bindra won Gold medal in 2008 Olympics. Delhi High Court order decriminalized homosexuality in 2009. Right to Education was made a fundamental right in 2010.
14) 2011 – 2015
India won its second cricket World Cup in 2011. In 2012 India won 6 medals at the London Olympics. Mars Orbiter Mission, or Mangalyaan embarks on trip to Mars in 2013. In 2014, India was declared ‘polio free’ in 2014 World Health Organization. Tennis ace Sania Mirza and shuttler Sania Nehwal become number one in the world in 2015.
15) 2016 – 2017 so far
In 2016 first batch of women fighter pilots in Indian Air Force was introduced. In the same year in the month of November Indian govt announced the demonetization to eradicate the black money from the country. In February 2017 India launched record-breaking 104 satellites from single rocket. Biggest tax reform GST (Goods and Service Tax) was introduced.