The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between India and Pakistan, having started just after the partition of India in 1947. India and Pakistan have fought three wars over Kashmir, including the Indo-Pakistani Wars of 1947 and 1965, as well as the Kargil War.
Partition and Invasion
British rule in India ended in 1947 with the creation of new states: the Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan. However, there remained the problem of over 650 states, run by princes, existing within the two newly independent countries.
These states had the option of deciding which country to join, or of remaining independent. Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of Kashmir, was Hindu while most of his subjects were Muslim. Unable to decide which nation Kashmir should join, Hari Singh chose to remain neutral.
The first Indo-Pakistani war started after armed tribesmen from Pakistan’s northwest frontier province invaded Kashmir in October 1947. Hari Singh appealed to the Indian government for military assistance and signed the Instrument of Accession, giving up Kashmir to India on October 26.
United Nation Mediation
The UN Security Council passed Resolution 47 on 21 April 1948, which recommended that both India and Pakistan should stick to their commitment to hold a referendum in the state, which never been held.
It is A Political Problem or Security Problem!
We have seen unresolved grievances bringing a large number of people on to the street, protesters are met with tear gas and bullets and the bloodshed creates more anger. The Indian government says, the whole region is an integral part of the India and the Pakistan government says, the territory is disputed and officially supports Kashmir militancy.
The man who was killed in an encounter, Burhan Wani, was a militant, extremist and definitely not a leader.
Who is Pushing the New Generation of Kashmir towards Militancy?
Reportedly, in south Kashmir there are 4 districts, traditional militants have settle base there and pro-Pakistani elements are also active in that regions.
Do the people of Kashmir want to join Pakistan or India? Why?
Indian State does not address the political aspiration of people? We can’t turn our army against our own citizen. Kashmiris are divided into three major fractions:
Pro-Independence: They just want freedom. They don’t need education, jobs or good living.
Pro-Indian: They do exist but their voice is weakened by Army actions.
Pro-Pakistani: We are Muslims so we will join with Pakistan. They are widely supported by Pakistan.
We can’t win hearts with force. Army follows orders and straight orders. It’s not the job of the military to make peacetime strategy. It’s the job of government to make sure that they are not directed against their own citizen. If we want to win people we need to reduce the role of the military.
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