#3 Henry VI- Henry was the king of England from 1422-1461 and again in 1470-1471 and was king of France from 1422-1453. Henry was the only child and heir of King Henry V. He was born on 6 December 1421 at Windsor Castle. He succeeded to the throne as King of England at the age of nine months upon his father’s death on 31 August 1422; he was the youngest person ever to succeed to the English throne. His father was aggressive, but unlike his father, Henry was shy, passive and well-intentioned. He was also at times mentally unstable. His ineffective reign saw the gradual loss of the English territories in France. As the situation in France worsened this resulted in political instability in England. Henry allowed his government to be dominated by quarrelsome nobles and failed to prevent the eruption of regional disputes between feuding noble houses. Perhaps he was such kind of king because he had to tackle with these things at very small age.
#2 Richard lll-During his lifetime he was the subject of some attacks. Even in the North in 1482 a man was prosecuted for offences against the Duke of Gloucester, saying he did ‘nothing but grin at’ the city of York. In 1484 the defamatory actions took the form of hostile placards, the only surviving one being William Collingbourne’s lampoon of July 1484 “The Cat, the Rat, and Lovell the Dog, all rule England under a Hog” which was pinned to the door of St. Paul’s Cathedral and referred to the King himself (the Hog) and his most trusted councilors William Catesby, Richard Ratcliffe and Francis Viscount Lovell. On 30 March 1485, Richard felt forced to summon the Lords and London City Councillors to publicly deny the rumours that he had poisoned Queen Anne and that he had planned a marriage to his niece Elizabeth, at the same time ordering the Sheriff of London to imprison anyone spreading such slanders. The same orders were issued throughout the realm, including York where the royal pronouncement recorded in the City Records dates 5 April 1485 and carries specific instructions to suppress seditious talk and remove and destroy evidently hostile placards unread.
#1 King John- John was also known as John Lackland was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. John lost the Duchy of Normandy to King Philip II of France, resulting in the collapse of most of the Angevin Empire and contributing to the subsequent growth in power of the Capetian dynasty during the 13th century. The baronial revolt at the end of John’s reign led to the sealing of Magna Carta, a document sometimes considered an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom. John unsuccessfully attempted a rebellion against Richard’s royal administrators whilst his brother was participating in the Third Crusade. Despite this, after Richard died in 1199, John was proclaimed King of England and came to an agreement with Philip II of France to recognise John’s possession of the continental Angevin lands at the peace treaty of Le Goulet in 1200. When war with France broke out again in 1202, John achieved early victories, but shortages of military resources and his treatment of Norman, Breton, and Anjou nobles resulted in the collapse of his empire in northern France in 1204.